What is AVM? The capillary bed is where the blood exchanges oxygen and nutrients with the body tissues. In an arteriovenous malformation (AVM), arteries [...]

Arachnoid Cyst

Arachnoid cysts are fluid-filled sacs that occur on the arachnoid membrane that covers the brain (intracranial) and the spinal cord (spinal). There are three [...]


What is a corpus callosotomy? A corpus callosotomy is an operation which divides the corpus callosum. This is the main fibre bundle that connects the [...]

Mesial Sclerosis

Mesial Temporal Sclerosis The condition called mesial temporal sclerosis is closely related to temporal lobe epilepsy. Mesial temporal sclerosis is the loss of neurons and [...]

Hemi Facial Spasm

What is hemifacial spasm? There is a facial nerve for each side of the face which is control muscles of the face. It starts [...]

Trigeminal Neuralgia

What is Trigeminal Neuralgia? Trigeminal neuralgia is a sudden, severe facial pain. It usually occurs in sudden short attacks lasting from a few seconds to [...]

Aneurysm Repair Surgery

Cerebral aneurysms are pathologic focal dilatations of the cerebrovasculature that are prone to rupture. These vascular abnormalities are classified by presumed pathogenesis. Saccular, berry, [...]



The concept of Minimally Invasive Neurosurgery introduces highly refined techniques and approaches, to the neurosurgical treatment of brain and spinal diseases. Major advances in [...]


Hydrocephalus can be defined broadly as a disturbance of formation, flow, or absorption of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) that leads to an [...]

Colloid Cyst


Colloid cysts of the third ventricle are a benign epithelial lined cyst with characteristic imaging features. Although usually asymptomatic, they can rarely present with [...]